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Coffee Blending for Espresso

Updated: Dec 15, 2023

Coffee blending is necessary for espresso because a single origin of coffee will not have the desired complexity.

It is important to remember that the advantage of espresso over other preparation methods lies in the formation of a crema layer.

Without cream, espresso would be a strong coffee.

Cream is an emulsified layer of small, fine bubbles that trap flavor compounds.

This layer coats the tongue and these small bubbles burst over time, allowing the espresso to be enjoyed long after drinking.

Therefore, aromatic coffee is essential for a well-made espresso.

The majority of espresso blends are made from base coffees from Brazil, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Peru, Panama or any other origin that provides a non-invasive flavor while contributing to body The richness and sweetness of coffee.

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roasting espresso

A small percentage of coffees from Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Venezuela are used to add body, acidity and flavor to the coffee blend.

Since these coffees are often highly acidic, they are used in small quantities.

To add complexity and brightness to espresso, Ethiopian Harrar, Kenyan, Yemen Mocha, Zimbabwean and Zambian coffees are used.

Ethiopian Harrar adds strong aromas of blueberries or raspberries while Kenyan coffee adds a strong burst of aroma.

To add body and richness when making espresso, coffees from Asia-Pacific are used, such as Sumatra, Sulawesi, Java, East Timor, New Guinea and Ethiopian Yirgacheffe.

Yirgacheffe has a strong floral aroma.

Cup each coffee bean separately.

Record the aroma, scent, flavor, acidity, body and aftertaste.

Line up coffees next to each other to determine which coffee enhances the flavor of another.

Remember that blending coffee beans is an art and there are no clear rules for making espresso.

The goal of making espresso is to make the whole greater than the sum of its parts.

Start with sweet, rich Brazilian coffee(s) and add small amounts of other coffees.

Understand the flavor profile of your facility and understand your goals.

Ask yourself what type of coffee you can add to this mixture to achieve your desired espresso blend.

Note the change caused by the addition of this coffee and repeat with other coffee origins.

Then, try brewing 3-4 more types of coffee until you get the blend that has the flavor profile you desire.

After determining the type of coffee you want to use in your espresso blend, start experimenting with different ratios until you determine the best ratio to bring out the flavor, sweetness, and body.

momentum and aftertaste -desirable taste.

Experiment with different roasts of each coffee in the blend the same way you experimented with adding other coffees to a Brazilian base.

Roast the coffee a little lighter or darker than the other coffees in the blend and note the difference.

In general, it's best to roast each coffee separately until it reaches its peak consistency, then blend the coffee to create the most complexity possible.

Creating a delicious espresso blend isn't as difficult as it seems.

Within hours, you will have a delicious espresso blend that outperforms its commercial competitors for the simple reason that it is fresher.

Perfecting an espresso blend by adjusting the roast to achieve the perfect crema, flavor, acidity, body and aftertaste takes time and patience, but is a rewarding and rewarding experience.


It is often difficult to balance the bold acidity of an espresso with brighter coffee used to bring out complexity and vibrancy without roasting a second cup.

Therefore, a successful cup of espresso must balance this acidity by creatively blending the coffee rather than over-roasting the beans.

Don't roast your espresso more than halfway through the second cup of soda.

By not roasting too much, you'll preserve the delicate aroma and sugar of the coffee.

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